Abiratas is a brand name for the prescription medication Abiraterone, which is used in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The medication is available in the form of tablets with each tablet containing 250 mg of the active ingredient Abiraterone.
Mechanism of Action:
Abiraterone is an androgen synthesis inhibitor that works by blocking an enzyme called cytochrome P450 17A1. This enzyme plays a key role in converting testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone that is responsible for the growth of prostate cancer. By blocking this enzyme, Abiraterone reduces the levels of testosterone and DHT in the body, slowing down the growth of prostate cancer cells.
The dosage of Abiratas is prescribed by a doctor and may vary based on the patient’s medical history and response to the medication. Typically, Abiratas is taken orally once a day, either with food or on an empty stomach. Patients should not stop taking the medication or alter the dosage without consulting their healthcare provider.
Abiratas tablets should be swallowed whole with a glass of water and should not be crushed or chewed. Patients taking Abiratas should avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice as it may affect the efficacy of the medication. Patients should also inform their doctor if they are taking any other medications or supplements.
The use of Abiratas may cause various side effects, ranging from mild to severe. Common side effects include nausea, diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, and back pain. Patients may also experience liver problems, high blood pressure, urinary tract infections, and anemia. Patients should inform their healthcare provider immediately in case of severe side effects such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, or swelling in the legs.
In conclusion, Abiratas is a medication used in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. It works by blocking the synthesis of testosterone and DHT in the body to slow down the growth of prostate cancer cells. Abiratas tablets are taken orally once daily, and the dosage is prescribed by a doctor. Common side effects include nausea, fatigue, and liver problems. Patients should avoid grapefruit and inform their doctor about their current medications or supplements being taken before taking Abiratas.