Humulin N 100, also known as NPH insulin, is a medication used to treat diabetes. This fast-acting insulin was developed by Lilly, a leading pharmaceutical manufacturer, and is widely available across the globe. Humulin N 100 is a synthetic version of human insulin produced through recombinant DNA technology.
The main active substance in Humulin N 100 is insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas in response to the blood sugar levels in the body. It helps regulate the amount of glucose in the bloodstream, allowing it to enter the cells where it can be used as a source of energy. Insulin also helps to convert excess glucose into glycogen, which the liver stores and releases when necessary.
Humulin N 100 comes in the form of a 5 pen x 300 IU cartridge. Each pen contains 3 milliliters of insulin, which can be administered subcutaneously (under the skin) using a needle. It is important to use the same brand and type of insulin consistently to avoid disrupting blood sugar levels.
One of the key characteristics of Humulin N 100 is its onset of action, which occurs within 1 to 2 hours after injection. It reaches peak activity within 4 to 12 hours and remains effective for up to 24 hours. This makes it a useful insulin for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, as it can be administered once or twice daily as required.
There are several factors that can affect the action of Humulin N 100 in the body. These include the dose of insulin, the timing of injections, and individual variations in metabolism and activity levels. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and adjust insulin doses according to the guidance of a healthcare provider.
Humulin N 100 is generally well-tolerated by most people, but like all medications, it carries some potential side effects. These can range from mild to severe and may include low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), allergic reactions, injection site reactions, and weight gain. Rarely, it can cause a serious condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) if blood sugar levels become too high.
In conclusion, Humulin N 100 is a fast-acting, synthetic insulin used to treat diabetes. Its characteristics make it a useful option for managing blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, and it is widely available across the globe. While it carries some potential side effects, with proper monitoring and use, it can help people lead healthier and more active lives.