Zidovir is a brand of capsules that contains Zidovudine as its active ingredient. This medication is manufactured by Cipla Ltd. and comes in a strength of 100 mg. It is available in a pack of 100 capsules and requires a prescription from a qualified healthcare professional.
Zidovir is used to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It belongs to a class of drugs called antiretroviral agents, which work by inhibiting the replication of the virus and preventing its spread in the body. Zidovir can help to slow down the progression of HIV infection and improve the overall health of HIV-positive individuals.
How to use:
It is important to follow the instructions given by your healthcare provider while using Zidovir. The capsules should be taken orally with water, with or without food. The recommended dose is usually one capsule taken twice daily. Missing a dose can significantly reduce the effectiveness of this medication. In case of any questions or doubts, do not hesitate to seek the advice of your doctor or pharmacist.
Zidovir should be stored at room temperature, away from direct sunlight and moisture. It should be kept in a dry and cool place, out of the reach of children and pets.
Mechanism of action:
Zidovudine, the active ingredient in Zidovir, is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). It blocks the action of the enzyme reverse transcriptase, which is necessary for the replication of HIV. As a result, the virus is unable to create new copies of its genetic material, and its spread is slowed down.
Before using Zidovir, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions, allergies, or medications you are taking. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should also inform their doctor before using this medication. Zidovir may cause some side effects such as anemia or low blood cell counts, which can be monitored through regular blood tests.
Zidovir is contraindicated in individuals who are allergic to Zidovudine or any of the other components of the medication. It should not be used by individuals with severe liver or kidney problems and those who have low blood cell counts.
Zidovir can interact with other medications, therefore it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any medications, dietary supplements or herbal preparations you are taking. Some examples of drugs that can interact with Zidovir include acetaminophen, tenofovir, and ganciclovir.
In case of an overdose, immediate medical attention should be sought. The symptoms of an overdose may include vomiting, confusion, drowsiness, and dizziness.
Zidovir may cause some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, and loss of appetite. In some cases, it may cause severe side effects such as anemia, liver or kidney damage, and muscle weakness. If you experience any severe side effects while using Zidovir, seek medical attention immediately.