Forstavir EM (Emtricitabine and Tenofovir) Tablets is a combination medication used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It contains Emtricitabine and Tenofovir as the active ingredients and is manufactured by Aurobindo Pharma Ltd. Each tablet contains Emtricitabine 200 mg and Tenofovir 300 mg.
Forstavir EM is primarily used for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and adolescents above 12 years of age. It works by inhibiting the activity of reverse transcriptase enzyme, which is essential for the replication of the virus.
How to Use:
Forstavir EM should be taken exactly as prescribed by the healthcare provider. The dosage and duration of treatment will depend on individual factors, such as the stage of the infection, viral load, and response to the medication. It is usually taken orally, with or without food, once a day. It is important to follow the recommended dosage schedule and not to miss any doses.
Forstavir EM should be stored at room temperature (between 20-25°C) in a dry place, away from direct sunlight and moisture. It should be stored out of the reach of children and pets. Do not use the medication beyond the expiration date.
Mechanism of Action:
Emtricitabine and Tenofovir, the active ingredients in Forstavir EM, work by inhibiting the activity of reverse transcriptase enzyme, which is essential for the replication of the HIV virus. By blocking viral replication, it helps to reduce the viral load in the body and slow down the progression of the disease.
Before taking Forstavir EM, it is important to inform the healthcare provider about any known allergies, medical conditions, or medications currently being taken. It is also important to follow regular medical check-ups and blood tests to monitor the response to treatment.
Forstavir EM is contraindicated in individuals who are allergic to Emtricitabine, Tenofovir or any other components of the medication. It should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women without consulting a healthcare provider.
Forstavir EM may interact with certain medications, such as rifampin, or other medications that affect the kidneys, such as aminoglycosides. It is important to inform the healthcare provider about all medications being taken to avoid potential drug interactions.
In case of an overdose of Forstavir EM, immediate medical attention should be sought. Symptoms of overdose may include gastrointestinal disorders, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Common side effects of Forstavir EM include nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and headache. Other less common side effects may include liver toxicity, kidney damage, and bone disorders. It is important to seek medical advice if any severe or persistent side effects occur.